The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines concussion as a traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, stretching and damaging brain cells and creating chemical changes in the brain.
A concussion is generally referred to as a mild traumatic brain injury or mTBI. There may be signs of injury to the head, such as bruising or cuts, or there may be no visible injury. A person does not necessarily pass out after a concussion. Many people don't think of a concussion as a brain injury, and 85 percent of mild traumatic brain injuries are undetected by MRIs.
Medical providers may describe a concussion as a “mild” traumatic brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. Even so, all brain injuries – including concussions – should be taken seriously. Remember:
- A concussion/mTBI is an injury to the brain, not just ‘seeing stars'.
- Most people will recover completely within 2-3 weeks if given the proper periods of rest and a gradual return to activities.
- After sustaining a concussion, it is very important to avoid any activity that places one at risk of sustaining another concussion.
General Symptoms of Concussion
Symptoms of concussion can range from being hard-to-see to quite obvious. The general signs of concussion include:
- Slurred Speech
- Appearing Dazed, Confused
- Ringing in the Ears
- Delayed Response to Questions
- Loss on Consciousness
- Blurred Vision
Following a concussion, one may feel or demonstrate a variety of cognitive, physical, emotional, and/or sleep issues.
- Headache (most common)
- Post-traumatic amnesia(can't recall injury)
- Sensitivity to light/sound
- In a “fog”; can't think clearly
- Can't follow conversations
- Trouble with attention/concentration
- Difficulty learning new information
- Word finding problems
- Slowed reaction times
- Easily irritated
- More emotional than usual
- Changes in personality
- More impulsive
- Sleeping more
- Trouble falling asleep
- Not sleeping soundly
- Sleep cycle disturbed
- Not feeling rested after sleep
When to Seek Emergency Medical Attention
Health care professionals recommend individuals contact their physician, emergency medical services (EMS), or go to the nearest emergency department immediately if someone sustains a bump, blow, or jolt to the head and has these symptoms:
- A headache that gets worse and does not go away;
- Weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination;
- Repeated vomiting or nausea;
- Slurred speech;
- Drowsiness or cannot be awakened;
- One pupil is larger than the other;
- Convulsions or seizures;
- Does not recognize people or places;
- Get increasingly confused, restless, or agitated;
- Unusual behavior; and/or
- Loss of consciousness.
Symptoms may vary, and each individual may experience them somewhat differently. A concussion can impact physical well-being, thinking (cognitive) skills, behaviors and emotions, and even sleep patterns.
Why Hire a New York Brain Injury Lawyer
Brain injury cases can be complex. Numerous brain injury survivors contact the Law Offices of Dennis Smith, PC with traumatic brain injuries symptoms that were often overlooked or disbelieved by others. Recognizing the complex nature of these cases and the challenges these survivors face in being understood and taken seriously, Dennis Smith, Esq. has obtained a certification from the Brain Injury Association of America and is recognized as a Certified Brain Injury Specialist, equipped with specialized knowledge and skills to more effectively advocate for those suffering from traumatic brain injuries, ensuring their symptoms and struggles are acknowledged and addressed in the legal process.
Contact a New York Brain Injury Lawyer Today
Do not suffer in silence. Our personal injury lawyer in New York will be your voice during this difficult time. At Law Offices of Dennis Smith, PC, we know the law and have the resources to investigate and build your case. Contact us today at (212) 680-4280 or fill out our online form to schedule your Free, no obligation consultation.